«The Taliban must abide by the agreement, especially with regard to their promises to sever relations with terrorists,» Pompeo told the State Department earlier this week. «We are deeply concerned about the fight against terrorism and we ensure that the homeland is never attacked. That is one of the fundamental foundations of what President Trump has presented to us. After nine rounds of talks, negotiators signed a peace agreement in February 2020 that addresses four key themes: «We owe gratitude to the American sons and daughters who paid the ultimate sacrifice in Afghanistan and to the thousands of people who have served over the past 19 years,» said General Mark A. Milley, President of the Chiefs of Staff. , in a statement celebrating the agreement. following a seven-day agreement on «reducing violence» in Afghanistan. Although these leaders wield enormous power within the Taliban, they have little or no military experience and are therefore distrusted by commanders on the ground. These commanders are generally younger than the Quetta Shura, most often in its 20s and 30s. Many operate in remote and hostile parts of Afghanistan, with few links or instructions from Taliban leaders in Quetta.

Finally, the real success of the Taliban in the military success of these local commanders in Afghanistan. Thanks to the work of these regional commanders, the Taliban now control nearly 50% of the Afghan landscape. They are at the heart of the Taliban and many have different views on what a peace agreement with the United States should be. The United States and the Taliban should continue the lines of communication they have already put in place at the Doha talks, both to support the implementation of the agreement and to defuse their respective military operations against ISIS in eastern Afghanistan. On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Afghan Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, to end the long war in Afghanistan. The agreement contains much of the same terms that were agreed in September 2019, but were cut by President Trump. Essentially, this agreement requires the withdrawal of U.S. forces and the Afghan coalition in exchange for a promise that the Taliban would not allow terrorist groups to operate on Afghan soil. However, the agreement is based on several assumptions that will make its success problematic. This agreement requires an Afghan government operating in Kabul, with which it will be possible to negotiate. The recent Afghan presidential elections have not upset those responsible, but the waters. The failure of the presidential election took place last September, but the vote counting process was so confusing and controversial that the winner was not announced until 18 February 2020, almost five months after the election.