The joint overall declaration between Salina and Great Britain does not have a mechanism approved by both parties to ensure compliance. Although registered with the United Nations, the Agreement did not contain any oversight mechanisms by the United Nations. Therefore, only the signatories of the declaration have the right to address any violations of the conditions. The signing of the joint declaration caused some controversy in the United Kingdom, as British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher accepted the Chinese Communist government, represented by Deng Xiaoping. [9] In the White Paper containing the Joint Statement, Her Majesty`s Government stated that «the alternative to the adoption of this agreement is not to reach an agreement», a statement that refuted criticism that the Declaration had made too many concessions to China and highlighted China`s considerable influence during the negotiations. [9] Faced with the increasing openness of the Government of the People`s Republic of China and economic reforms on the continent, Margaret Thatcher, then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, sought the agreement of the People`s Republic of China on the continuation of the British presence on the territory. [12] Hong Kong`s autonomy was guaranteed by the «one country, two systems» agreement, enshrined in the Sino-British Declaration signed in 1984 by then-Chinese Prime Minister Zhao Ziyang and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. This group was a connection organ, not a power organ, where each party could send up to 20 support coworkers. It is expected to meet at least once a year at each of the three sites (Beijing, London and Hong Kong). It was established in Hong Kong on July 1, 1988. It should also help HKSAR maintain and develop economic and cultural relations and conclude agreements on these issues with the relevant states, regions and international organisations, and could therefore create specific sub-groups. Between 1985 and 2000, the Joint Liaison Group held 47 plenary sessions, 18 in Hong Kong, 15 in London and 14 in Beijing. The communist press published reports that the project was a bad plan to bleed at ease in Hong Kong before the handover and let the territory take on serious debt.

[135] After three years of negotiations, Britain and the PRC finally agreed on the construction of the new airport and signed a Memorandum of Understanding. [136] To remove the hills and reclaim the land, it took only a few years to build the new airport. The agreement signed in 1984 was to last until 2047. First, the declaration itself does not have a mechanism approved by both parties to ensure compliance. Although the agreement was registered with the United Nations, it did not contain any UN monitoring mechanisms, unlike the Finnish islands. Therefore, only the signatories of the declaration have the right to address any violations of the conditions. This is what happened in 1992, when Hong Kong Governor Chris Patten proposed political reforms without prior consultation with China, which responded by accusing Britain of violating the declaration. In theory, China could have filed a formal complaint against Britain, but it renounced it, perhaps in the hope of a smooth transfer process. Similarly, after the recent events, Britain criticized China for violating the agreement, but this would have no concrete impact if the case were not formally brought before an international tribunal, according to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), for infringement.

But before Hong Kong returned, Britain and China reached an agreement to introduce «one country, two systems.» In March 1979, Hong Kong Governor Murray MacLehose made his first official visit to the People`s Republic of China (PRC) and took the initiative to raise the issue of Hong Kong sovereignty with Deng Xiaoping. [7] Without clarification and definition of the official position of the Government of the People`s Republic of China, it would be difficult to arrange real estate and loan leases in Hong Kong in the next 18 years. [5] Britain quickly returned to this unofficial part of the agreement and attacked Kowloon Wa